The Misdemeanor Justice Project (MJP) is pleased to publish this second report, Trends in Custody: New York City Department of Correction, 2000-2015, focused on individuals admitted into the custody of the New York City Department of Correction (DOC). Our first report using the DOC data, released in December, 2016, examined the “front door” of the corrections system. We examined trends in annual admissions by demographic groups, legal status, and charge categories, from 1995 to 2015. That report sets the background for the current analyses.
In this report, we go beyond the front door to better understand the patterns of custody in the Department of Correction for those discharged between 2000 and 2015. We first examined “length of stay,” meaning the amount of time spent in custody under different circumstances. Specifically, we present findings on the changes in the length of stay for periods of pretrial detention, time serving a city sentence (under one year), held on a parole violation, or moving to a city sentence following a period of pretrial detention. Next we documented the amount of bail set by the courts by demographics, charge level and category, borough, and discharge category. Further, we examined length of stay for this same breakdown. Finally, we explored how individuals held by the DOC are discharged (i.e., by making bail, being sentenced to a prison term, or being released for other reasons). In other words, this report examines the period between the front door of corrections and discharge from corrections custody.
The MJP presents to the Citizens Crime Commission on Custody Report: